Panamerican Journal of Trauma, Critical Care & Emergency Surgery

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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Our Surgical Heritage: The Genesis of Painless Surgery

Rao Ivatury

Keywords : Chloroform, Ether, Inhalation anesthesia, laughing gas, Nitrous oxide, Painless surgery

Citation Information : Ivatury R. Our Surgical Heritage: The Genesis of Painless Surgery. Panam J Trauma Crit Care Emerg Surg 2024; 13 (1):8-9.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10030-1441

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-04-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Have you ever wondered about the first surgeons who operated on patients without anesthesia on fully conscious patients, screaming in excruciating agony and being held captive by their assistants? Fortunately, substances were being discovered that can cause pain when not felt. This manuscript will summarize the following first attempts at painless surgery.

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  8. file:///
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