Panamerican Journal of Trauma, Critical Care & Emergency Surgery

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VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Community and Internet-driven Development of the Spanish Language Version of the Injured Trauma Survivor Screen

Amber Brandolino, Terri A deRoon-Cassini

Keywords : Depression, Development study, Injured Trauma Survivor Screen, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Risk screen, Spanish language, Traumatic injury

Citation Information : Brandolino A, deRoon-Cassini TA. Community and Internet-driven Development of the Spanish Language Version of the Injured Trauma Survivor Screen. Panam J Trauma Crit Care Emerg Surg 2023; 12 (3):152-161.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10030-1431

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-12-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aims and background: The goal of this study was to develop a clinically appropriate translation of the Injured Trauma Survivor Screen (ITSS) from English to Spanish that retained the original intent of each item while creating a culturally valid screening tool. Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional study of an existing screen developed to detect risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression following injury. Participants were recruited from a local clinic (n = 8) and online via Amazon's MTurk platform (n = 100) and were asked to translate each of the nine items of the ITSS screen from English into Spanish. The most frequent translations for each item were selected for the draft screen. The draft screen was back-translated by five bilingual individuals. Only two wording changes were made to the draft screen due to the back translations. Results: The forward translation that resulted from the internet sample provided the product that was then back-translated by five predetermined bilingual individuals. Two changes were made to the end product following the back translation. Conclusion: The Injured Trauma Survivor Screen–Spanish (ITSS-S) constitutes a strong, methodical translation of a clinical screen for PTSD and depression risk. As such, it has preliminary clinical utility and readiness for further validation. Clinical significance: A Spanish-language version of the ITSS that was methodologically rigorously forward and back-translated can increase access to formalized screening and intervention for PTSD and/or depression. Future work is needed to further understand the validity and reliability of ITSS-S.


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